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Unit 3: The Restless Earth

Grade Level:
Earth Science
1. “All matter belongs to God.” *Psalm 24:1
2. “The material world has been damaged and is subjected to decay as a result of the Fall, and continues to be negatively affected by sin.” *Genesis 3:17-18, Isaiah 24:5
Skill Goals:
The student will…
1. Identify the layers of the Earth by their composition.
2. Identify the layers of the Earth by their physical properties.
3. Describe a tectonic plate.
4. Explain how scientists know about the structure of Earth’s interior.
5. Describe Wegener’s hypothesis of continental drift.
6. Describe how new lithosphere forms and mid-ocean ridges.
7. Explain how magnetic reversals provide evidence for sea-floor spreading.
8. Describe the three types of tectonic plate boundaries.
9. Explain how scientists measure the rate at which tectonic plates move.
10. Describe two types of stress that deform rock.
11. List three major types of faults.
12. Explain where earthquakes take place.
13. Explain what causes earthquakes.
14. Identify three types of faults that occur at earthquake boundaries.
15. Describe how energy from earthquakes travels through Earth.
16. Explain how earthquakes are detected.
17. Explain how the strength of an earthquake is measured.
18. Explain how the intensity of an earthquake is measured.
19. Compare methods of earthquake forecasting.
19. Outline earthquake safety procedures.
20. Distinguish between non-explosive and explosive volcanic eruptions.
21. Identify the features of a volcano.
22. Explain how the composition of magma affects the type of volcanic eruption that will occur.
23. Describe four types of lava and four types of pyroclastic material.
24. Explain how volcanic eruptions can affect climate.
25. Compare the three types of volcanoes.
26. Define craters, calderas, and lava plateaus.
27. Describe the formation and movement of magma.
28. Summarize the methods scientists use to predict volcanic eruptions.